Calluses, bunions, warts and corns may form on the foot in places that are weight bearing or in places that rub a lot. By wearing shoes that fit properly, you can prevent these from occurring.
If you notice any of these on your feet after one of your daily exams, report it to your doctor. If left untreated, they can become thick, break down and lead to sores or ulcers on the foot.
Do not try to remove it yourself as you could cause a wound or infection to your foot. Your doctor may recommend a pumice stone to remove calluses. This should be done when your foot is wet, as this will cause less friction from the pumice stone. Caution – do not remove too much skin. Sores and infections could result if you remove too much. Proper technique should be to remove a little at a time.
Along with shoes, white socks should be worn. The reason for white socks is that it will alert the patient to any blood or injury that may be coming from the foot, as many patients will not be able to feel the injury. Patients should also consider seamless socks, as the seams could cause friction, which may result in blisters.
Secondly, patients should check their feet daily for any changes in the skin of the foot. This can simply be done with a mirror. Things such as cracks, dryness or sores should be reported.
Lotion should be applied to the tops and bottoms of the foot to prevent dryness, which could lead to cracking and ulcers of the foot. The lotion should NOT be applied between the toes. Apply the lotion to clean and dry feet. Products such as petroleum jelly or hand creams (unscented is best) may be used.
Cutting your toenails can sometimes be very difficult, but here are a few tips for proper clipping. Cut the nail straight across then file the edges round. These two steps can prevent ingrown toenails and future problems with the nail. If you cannot reach your feet to cut your toenails or are uncomfortable cutting them, you should contact your podiatrist to assist in trimming your toenails.