One of the most dangerous aspects of hypertension is that you may not know that you have it. There are generally no symptoms of high blood pressure, so you usually don’t feel it. In fact, nearly one-third of people who have hypertension don’t know it. If your blood pressure is extremely high, there may be certain symptoms to look out for, including:
• Severe headache
• Fatigue or confusion
• Vision problems
• Chest pain
• Difficulty breathing
• Irregular heartbeat
• Blood in the urine
• Pounding in your chest, neck or ears
If you have any of these symptoms, see a doctor immediately. Untreated hypertension can lead to serious diseases, including stroke, heart disease, kidney failure and eye problems. The goal is to maintain a blood pressure of less than 130/80 mm Hg
A Cholesterol test is usually performed annually. Cholesterol is a waxy, fat-like substance that occurs naturally in all parts of the body and is made by the liver. Cholesterol also is present in foods we eat. People need cholesterol for the body to function normally.
Cholesterol is present in the cell walls or membranes everywhere in the body, including the brain, nerves, muscles, skin, liver, intestines and heart.
Why should you be Concerned about cholesterol? Too much cholesterol in your body means that you have an increased risk of getting cardiovascular diseases such as heart disease. If you have too much cholesterol in your body, the cholesterol can build up on the walls of the arteries that carry blood to your heart.
This buildup, which occurs over time, causes less blood and oxygen to get to your heart. This can cause chest pain and heart attacks. It is desirable to have a “total cholesterol” level less than 200.
To complicate it a little bit more, there is also a good and bad cholesterol. So what’s the difference?